Properties of mushrooms
Mushrooms are a realm of wildlife that combines signs of both plants and animals. Although for a long time they were erroneously attributed precisely to plants. We attribute them to the plant world, but not to the plants, do not confuse, please. Although this is not entirely true.
Mushrooms are common throughout the world. They can be found both on the ground and underground, in the land itself, and in the water. In general, almost everywhere. And there is nothing surprising in the fact that hundreds of thousands of mushroom species are known to science. And according to some assumptions, there are more than one million species on our planet.
The use of mushrooms
Many types of fungi differ in the high content of vitamins and minerals. Due to this they are very useful and nutritious. And since edible mushrooms in nature there are many species, they are a delicious dish, which is common in almost all countries of the world. Moreover, even in many countries, they are engaged in industrial mushroom cultivation, which is an excellent solution given their useful properties. This is their main application – eating.
It is also worth noting that quite often mushrooms are used for medical purposes: for the treatment or manufacture of certain medicines (the same antibiotics, for example). This occurs because some species of fungi possess unique properties or contain a large number of extremely useful substances.
Well and still quite often used mushrooms in the chemical industry and for technical purposes (production of citric acid, for example). Although this is not particularly important, they could find a replacement in the industry. But finding food with so much mineral content is difficult enough. Therefore, in the first place, mushrooms are valued as an extremely useful food.
In nature there is a large amount of edible fungi. With the advent of autumn, many people go to the woods to search for them. This is a rather interesting activity, especially widespread in rural areas, where there are untouched forests. Here you only need to be able to distinguish edible mushrooms from the rest, so as not to subsequently poison. To do this, you need to know their appearance and some distinctive properties.
What edible fungi are: borsch (white fungus, boletus), chanterelle (or cockerel), brooches (obobki, pickers, podzynovki, graboviki), moss, mushrooms, butterflies, apoinok, cheesecakes and others.
Not all mushrooms are edible and useful. Many of them are poisonous and very dangerous to health, and can even lead to fatal outcome. Moreover, edible mushrooms containing a large amount of toxins can also lead to health problems. That is why it is not recommended to collect mushrooms near large roads or near major cities.
What are the inedible fungi: fly moro, pale pike-perch, papaynik, trutovik, galerin, mycelium, some kinds of snapper (govorushki) and many other mushrooms.
To distinguish inedible mushrooms from others can be due to an unpleasant smell and taste, a strange kind, different edges and scales, and also too small sizes. It can also be noted that poisonous mushrooms often grow in unusual places and are quite rare. Therefore, it is not necessary to collect rare unfamiliar mushrooms – it is better to restrict the collection of known and widely distributed mushrooms. And if you are sure they are not poisonous.