Destruction of forests
Forest felling is one of the most serious problems of our time. This is true, since the value of forests in our world is very large. And this means that the destruction of these ecosystems can lead to the most serious consequences.
Nevertheless, more and more territories are subject to deforestation. What is the reason for this? And what will this result in later?
Author of the photo – crustmania (Flickr.com)
Causes of destruction of forests
– The tree is a beautiful building material. Especially love to use it when building buildings and furniture production. Also commonly used in shipbuilding.
– Use of wood for heating.
– Paper production.
– The chemical industry is also in demand in wood. It produces many chemicals.
– Making of a huge amount of things: wooden toys, musical instruments, decorative items, tools of labor and much more.
In addition, forests are often cut down to clean up areas for construction, or to create agricultural land. Also, trees are cut down to “ennoble” the territories.
Consequences of deforestation
– Increased carbon dioxide content in the air. This, incidentally, is one of the causes of global warming.
– The disappearance of many species of living organisms (it concerns both animals and plants – the destruction of the ecosystem leads to the death of almost all living things).
– Formation of swamps (trees prevent excessive soil moisture).
– Desertification. Occurs because of lowering groundwater levels, which is very critical for natural areas with a small amount of precipitation. And in the presence of a large amount of precipitation, the fertile layer is washed out, which earlier the trees have been blocked. So deforestation in any case leads to desertification.
– Reducing the amount of oxygen produced by forests and deteriorating the quality of air purification (the more forests – the better air is cleared).
– Violation of climate stability in the region where deforestation is observed. This is due to the fact that the forests support the climate and make it softer.
– The lack of additional water filtration produced by the forests.
– The deterioration in the quality of life of people. We are talking about the impossibility of extraction of food, and the deterioration of the psychological state.
Deforestation is a serious environmental problem, as it leads to a huge number of negative consequences. Among them, one can distinguish an increase in the content of carbon dioxide in the air, the disappearance of living organisms, desertification and the formation of swamps. All this is very serious, and therefore there is a need to reconsider its attitude to nature in general, and to forests in particular.